Christianity & Judaism: Recommended resources
To learn more about Christianity and Judaism in late antiquity, check out E. P. Sanders, Paul and Palestinian Judaism (1977); Hayim Perelmuter, Siblings (1989); Marvin Wilson, Our Father Abraham (1989); S. G. Wilson, Related Strangers (1995); George Nickelsburg, Ancient Judaism and Christian Origins (2003); Israel Jacob Yuval, Two Nations in Your Womb (2008); Oskar Skarsaune and Reidar Hvalvik, eds., Jewish Believers in Jesus (2007); and Paula Fredriksen, Augustine and the Jews (2010), Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews (2012), and When Christians Were Jews (2018).
For the medieval period, consult Jeremy Cohen, The Friars and the Jews (1982), Living Letters of the Law (1999), and Sanctifying the Name of God (2013); Benzion Netanyahu, The Origins of the Inquisition in Fifteenth Century Spain (1998); Steven McMichael and Susan Myers, eds., Friars and Jews in the Middle Ages and Renaissance (2004); Miri Rubin, Gentile Tales (2004); Jonathan Elukin, Living Together, Living Apart (2007); and Sara Lipton, Dark Mirror (2014).
Studies of Jews and Christians from the Reformation through the nineteenth century include Robert Chazan, ed., Church, State, and Jew in the Middle Ages (1979); Heiko Oberman, The Roots of Anti-Semitism (1984); R. Po-chia Hsia, The Myth of Ritual Murder (1990); Anna Sapir Abulafia, ed., Religious Violence Between Christians and Jews (2001); Shmuel Feiner, The Jewish Enlightenment (2011); Debra Kaplan, Beyond Expulsion (2011); E. M. Rose, The Murder of William of Norwich (2015); Dean Phillip Bell and Stephen Burnett, eds., Jews, Judaism, and the Reformation in Sixteenth-Century Germany (2016); Kati Ihnat, Mother of Mercy, Bane of the Jews (2016); Thomas Kaufmann, Luther’s Jews (2017); and Kenneth Austin, The Jews and the Reformation (2020). Read more about the ghetto in Riccardo Calimani, The Ghetto of Venice (1987).
The books about the Holocaust recommended in CH issue 121 are all helpful. Most relevant here are Doris Bergen, Twisted Cross (1996); Robert Ericksen and Susannah Heschel, eds., Betrayal (1999); Susannah Heschel, The Aryan Jesus (2008); Kevin Spicer, Hitler’s Priests (2017) and (as ed.) Antisemitism, Christian Ambivalence, and the Holocaust (2007). In addition, look at David Kertzer, The Popes Against the Jews (2001); Maria Mazzenga, American Religious Response to Kristallnacht (2009); Christopher Probst, Demonizing the Jews (2012); and the famous Holocaust memoirs The Diary of a Young Girl by Anne Frank (1952); Night by Elie Wiesel (1960); and The Hiding Place by Corrie ten Boom (1971). One survey of anti-Semitism throughout history is David Nirenberg, Anti-Judaism (2014).
On Christian Zionism, consult Yaakov Ariel, On Behalf of Israel (1991); Timothy Weber, On the Road to Armageddon (2004); Uri Bialer, Cross on the Star of David (2005); Stephen Spector, Evangelicals and Israel (2008); Shalom Goldman, Zeal for Zion (2009); Donald Lewis, The Origins of Christian Zionism (2010); Robert Smith, More Desire than Our Owne Salvation (2013) and, as editor with Göran Gunner, Comprehending Christian Zionism (2014).
For Messianic Judaism, look at Yaakov Ariel, Evangelizing the Chosen People (2000) and An Unusual Relationship (2013); and David Rudolph and Joel Willitts, Introduction to Messianic Judaism (2013). Some books on Jewish-Christian dialogue include Jacob Neusner, A Rabbi Talks With Jesus (1993); Carl Braaten and Robert Jenson, eds., Jews and Christians (2003); and Michael Wyschogrod, Abraham’s Promise (2004).
Finally, biographies of some of the people in our gallery include Nahum Glatzer, ed., Franz Rosenzweig (1961); Ben Siegel, The Controversial Sholem Asch (1976); Marvin Lowenthal, translator, The Memoirs of Glückel of Hameln (1987); Fritz Rothschild, Jewish Perspectives on Christianity (1990); Jackie Wullschläger, Chagall (2008); Joel Kraemer, Maimonides (2010); Joseph Telushkin, Rebbe (2016); and Edward Kaplan, Abraham Joshua Heschel (2019).
Christian History issues
Read these related issues of Christian History on our website. Some are still available for purchase.
• 27 Persecution in the Early Church
• 37 Worship in the Early Church
• 40 The Crusades
• 43 How We Got Our Bible
• 59 Jesus of Nazareth
• 74 Christians and Muslims
• 97 The Holy Land
• 121 Faith in the Foxholes
Videos from Vision Video
Videos on the theme of this issue include The Courageous Heart of Irena Sendler, The Cyrus Call, Hidden Heroes, The Forsaken Promise, Hidden in Silence, The Hiding Place, Jesus: The New Way, The Jewish Foundation of Christianity, The Jewish Roots of Christianity, Memory After Belsen, Passover, The Wannsee Conference, and Yeshua.
Many writings of those featured in this issue who wrote prior to 1900 are available to read online or download for free at sites such as the Christian Classics Ethereal Library, Project Gutenberg, and the Ancient History Sourcebook, the Medieval History Sourcebook, and the Modern History Sourcebook. The same site also hosts the Jewish History Sourcebook.
The Jewish Encyclopedia is an early 1900s publication which, for its time, is remarkably complete. The Jewish Virtual Library also contains a number of texts and articles. Both of these assume a Jewish audience. Many large scholarly libraries at universities have sites devoted to Jewish studies; although some resources are only open to their students and faculty, they often post online exhibits and bibliographies for the public. You can start by checking out resources at the University of Michigan, Yale, Harvard, and the University of Pennsylvania. “Digital Judaica” at the Association for Jewish Studies links to many other sites. Finally, the online sites of The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum and Yad Vashem: World Holocaust Remembrance Center are well worth consulting. C H
By the editors
[Christian History originally published this article in Christian History Issue #133 in 2020]
“I am Cyrus”
Harry Truman’s support for the creation of the State of Israel was rooted in his interpretation of ScripturePaul Charles Merkley
A Nation on a Mission
William McKinley saw America's unexpected opportunity in the Philippines as a sign from God—and set the U.S. on a new course of global influenceRichard V. Pierard
Civil Religion in America
Presidents have often served as chief pastors of the nation's shared beliefsGary Scott Smith
Hot Words in the Cold War
In his controversial "Evil Empire" speech, Ronald Reagan sought to re-moralize America's conflict with the Soviet UnionPaul Kengor
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