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We remember Michael and the angels (1887)

Millions of spiritual creatures walk the earth Unseen, both when we wake and when we sleep. —John Milton. What the...



Leo I, the Great, is consecrated bishop of Rome (i.e.: pope). He will strengthen the authority of the church, suppress the Manichean heresy, and write important doctrinal letters.

Authority for the date: New Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1967.


Death in exile of theologian Conrad Vorstius, at Toningen, Holstein, Germany. He had been accepted for a time by the Dutch Remonstrants (Arminians) but apparently denied the Trinity and the pre-existence of Christ and was eventually exiled by the Calvinist Synod of Dort.

Authority for the date: Wikipedia.


An American Indian tomahawks René Goupil for having made the sign of the cross over some Iroquois children. Goupil falls, gasping the name of Jesus. Earlier he had been beaten to the ground and assailed several times with knotted sticks and fists, had his hair, beard and nails torn off and his forefingers bitten through. [Note: some sources assign this event to September 23rd.]

Authority for the date: Standard encyclopedias.


Death at Aventage, India, of Rajanaiken. Converted from Catholic to Protestant views while serving in the army, he had enjoyed such success winning souls that he left the military to became an evangelist and pastor. His former church then had persecuted him and stirred up mobs to kill him, but each time he managed to escape, dying at last of natural causes.

Authority for the date: Oxford Reference.


The Leeds Mercury publishes Richard Oastler’s letter deploring “Yorkshire Slavery”—oppressive labor conditions of women and children. “Thousands of our fellow-creatures and fellow-subjects, both male and female, the miserable inhabitants of a Yorkshire town....are this very moment existing in a state of slavery, more horrid than are the victims of that hellish system ‘colonial’ slavery.”

Authority for the date:


Baptism of Pandita Ramabai, who becomes the most influential woman of India in the nineteenth-century.

Authority for the date: Dyer, Helen S. Pandita Ramabai. New York: Revell, 1911.


While Reverend Seth Joshua prays, Evan Roberts is filled with the Holy Spirit. He will go on to lead a significant revival in Wales.

Authority for the date: Christian History 83 (2008).


Edward Thomas Demby is consecrated as the first African American suffragan (assistant) bishop of the Episcopal Church.

Authority for the date:


Communists sentence Natalya Ivanovna Sundukova to death because she refuses to work for the Soviet state, declaring it is antichristian. She is convicted of “anti-Soviet propaganda among the prisoners and counter-revolutionary sabotage” and will be shot the following January.

Authority for the date: Moss, Vladimir. Holy New Martyrs and Confessors of the Urals, Siberia and Central Asia.


Death of notable Welsh evangelist and revivalist Evan Roberts near Cardiff.

Authority for the date: Carradice, Phil. Snapshots of Welsh History: Without the Boring Bits. 


Death of Christian and Missionary Alliance missionary Betty Ann Olsen, while being held captive by the Viet Cong. She was sick with dysentery, malnutrition and tormented by fungus, infections, leeches, and ulcerated sores.

Authority for the date: “Olsen, Betty Ann.”

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