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Christ’s transfiguration transfigures us (1887)

The Transfiguration has lived on through ages, and has shed its light upon all ages. It has brought the past into union...



Death of St. Lioba (or Leoba), who had overseen the nuns of St. Boniface’s mission to Northern Europe.

Authority for the date: Standard encyclopedias.


Murder of King Wenceslas by his brother. A Christian, Wenceslas sought peace with surrounding nations, reformed the judicial system, and showed particular concern for his country’s poor. However his coercive Christianity alienated many of his subjects.

Authority for the date: Standard encyclopedias.


Pope Pius IV commands Jeanne D’Albret, the Huguenot Queen of Navarre, to appear for examination for heresy on pain of losing her lands. Since these are French territories, the French government, although Catholic, defends the Protestant queen, not wishing to establish a precedent by which a pope could alienate French territory.

Authority for the date: Anderson, James. Ladies of the Reformation. London: Blackie and Sons, 1857.


Death of Jean Baptiste Massillon, an eloquent French preacher who became bishop of Clermont where he devoted himself to improving discipline, morals, and education. In a famous sermon he asked: "If Jesus should appear in this temple . . . to be our judge, to make the terrible separation between the sheep and the goats, do you believe that the greater number of us would be set on his right hand? . . . do you believe there would be found here only ten righteous, which the Lord was not able to find formerly in five entire cities?"

Authority for the date: Catholic Encyclopedia.


Andover Theological Seminary, Massachusetts, a Congregational school, opens.

Authority for the date: Dwight, Timothy. A Sermon Preached at the Opening of the Theological Institution in Andover... Boston: Belcher and


Death of Lemuel Haynes, the first African-American bishop to shepherd a Caucasian flock (Congregationalists in Vermont) and the first African-American awarded an advanced degree. He argued strongly against slavery.

Authority for the date: Standard encyclopedias.


Death of William Seymour, founder of the Azusa Street Mission.

Authority for the date: Larsen, Timothy T., David W. Bebbington, and Mark Noll. Biographical Dictionary of Evangelicals. IVP Academic, 2003.


The Holy Synod of the Romanian Orthodox Church acknowledges the revivalist Lord’s Army as a living and faithful limb of the Orthodox Church, and approves the movement’s functioning statutes. In the same session the prestige, memory, and rights of Iosif Trifa, deceased founder of the movement, are reinstated and rehabilitated.

Authority for the date:

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