More Than One Bible

THE PROTESTANT OLD TESTAMENT is identical to the Hebrew Bible, though the books are arranged and divided differently.

Roman Catholics since 1546 (the Council of Trent) have officially included the “deutero-canonical” or “apocryphal” books. These books were included in early editions of the King James Bible, but Protestants have not considered them authoritative because they are not found in the Hebrew Bible.

 

Hebrew Bible

Protestant Bible

Roman Catholic Bible

24 books

39 books

46 books 
(The Protestant List, plus:)

The Law

Law

 

Genesis

Genesis

 

Exodus

Exodus

 

Leviticus

Leviticus

Tobit

Numbers

Numbers

Judith

Deuteronomy

Deuteronomy

Wisdom of Solomon

   

Ecclesiasticus (Sirach)

The Prophets

History

Baruch (includes the Letter of 
Jeremiah)

Joshua

Joshua

I & II Maccabees

Judges

Judges

 

Samuel

Ruth

Additions to Daniel:

Kings

I & II Samuel

Song of the Three Young Men

Isaiah

I & II Kings

Susanna

Jeremiah

I & II Chronicles

Bel and the Dragon

Ezekiel

Ezra

 

Minor Prophets

Nehemiah

Additions to Esther

 

Esther

 

The Writings

   

Psalms

Poetry and Wisdom

 

Proverbs

Job

 

Job

Psalms

 

Song of Solomon

Proverbs

 

Ruth

Ecclesiastes

 

Lamentations

Song of Solomon

 

Ecclesiastes

   

Esther

Prophecy

 

Daniel

Isaiah

 

Ezra—Nehemiah

Jeremiah

 

Chronicles

Lamentations

 
 

Ezekiel

 
 

Daniel

 
 

The 12 Minor Prophets

By the Editors

[Christian History originally published this article in Christian History Issue #43 in 1994]

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