Columbus and Christianity in the Americas: Recommended Resources
• Felipe Fernández-Armesto, Columbus (Oxford,1991). This superb Spanish author and Columbus scholar carefully uses primary and corroborated sources to place Columbus in context. Good chronology.
• Samuel Eliot Morison, Admiral of the Ocean Sea: A Life of Christopher Columbus (Little, Brown, 1942). This classic brought the author the Pulitzer Prize. Loaded with maps.
• Herman J. Viola and Carolyn Margolis, Seeds of Change: Five Hundred Years Since Columbus (Smithsonian, 1991). A magnificent treatment of the Smithsonian exhibit on five transforming “seeds”: sugar, maize, disease, the horse, and the potato. Newsweek’s “When Worlds Collide” (Fall/Winter, 1991) summarizes the exhibit and book.
• Delco C. West and August Kling, translators, The Libro de las profecías of Christopher Columbus Florida, 1991); Kay Brigham, Christopher Columbus’s Book of Prophecies: Reproduction of the Original Manuscript with English Translation (TSELF, 1991). Translations of Columbus’s unique work; they give insight into his religious mind.
Latin American Christianity
• Enrique Dussel, A History of the Church in Latin America: Colonialism to Liberation (Eerdmans, 1981). Systematic, penetrating research from a Catholic, liberationist perspective.
• H. McKennie Goodpasture, ed., Cross and Sword: An Eyewitness History of Christianity in Latin America (Orbis, 1989). An excellent anthology of letters and documents from 1492 to present.
• Miguel Leon-Portilla, ed., The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico (Beacon, 1992). An invaluable look through native’s eyes.
• Charles H . Lippy, Robert Choquette, and Stafford Poole, Christianity Comes to the Americas: 1492–1776, (Giniger, 1992). A detailed overview of Spanish, French, and British missionary efforts in the Americas.
• John A. Mackay, The Other Spanish Christ (Macmillan, 1932). An unsurpassed classic, available only in libraries. Mackay asks: Which Christ came to Latin America in the Conquest?
• David Martin, Tongues of Fire: The Explosion of Protestantism in Latin America (Basil Blackwell, 1991). A significant work by a British sociologist, sympathetically documenting what scholars had wished to ignore-the striking growth of the evangelical churches.
• George Sanderlin, ed. and trans., Bartolomé de Las Casas: A Selection of His Writings (Knopf, 1971). A good selection of Las Casas’s writings, placed in proper context.
• David Stoll, Is Latin America Turning Protestant? The Politics of Evangelical Growth (California, 1990). Stoll, from an anthropological perspective, analyzes the growth of evangelicalism.
By William D. Taylor
[Christian History originally published this article in Christian History Issue #35 in 1992]Dr. William D. Taylor is co-author with Emilio A. Núñez C., of Crisis in Latin America: An Evangelical Perspective (Moody, 1989).
Lights in the Darkness
As sincere believers marched to subjugate a continent, other Christians had to oppose them.Justo L. González
Columbus and Christianity in the Americas: A Gallery of Champions for the Oppressed
Courageous Christians who worked on behalf of “the least of these” in the Americas.John Maust
The Christian Conquerors
The paradoxical men who conquered Latin America.the Editors
The Father of California
Junipero Serra launched a remarkable enterprise on Spain’s final frontier.James D. Smith III