St. Augustine: Christian History Timeline

Augustine

354 Is born at Thagaste, on Nov l3

365 Goes to school in Madaura

371 Goes to study rhetoric in Carthage

c. 371–373 His father dies, son Adeodatus is born

375 Returns to Thagaste to teach rhetoric

376 Begins teaching rhetoric in Carthage

376 “Unnamed friend” who was baptized dies

383 Sails to Rome with concubine and son

384 Becomes professor of rhetoric in Milan

386 Is converted, retreats to Cassiciacum

387 Returns to Milan, is baptized by Ambrose; at Ostia, he and Monica have “vision,” Monica dies there

388 Goes to Rome

390 Returns to Carthage, then Thagaste; his son dies

391 Is ordained priest at Hippo

392 Writes to Jerome requesting Latin translations of Bible commentaries

392 Debates in Hippo with Fortunatus the Manichee

396 He becomes bishop of Hippo

c. 400 Writes his Confessions

c. 403–412 The Donatist controversy

410 For health reasons, spends winter at villa outside Hippo

412–421 Pelagian controversy

413–426 Writes The City of GodOn the Trinity, and The Enchiridion

427 Writes his Retractions

430 Dies at Hippo, Aug 28

The Church

356 St. Anthony an early ascetic born 106 years earlier, dies

357 Athanasius writes the Life of St. Anthony

373 Athanasius, who was born in 296, dies

373 Ambrose becomes bishop of Milan

379 Basil of Caesarea dies

381 The Council of Constantinpole, or the second ecumenical council, is convened

386 The Manichees at Carthage are purged

389 Gregory of Nanzianzen, a theologian, dies

396 Simeon Stylites, later to become “Father of the Pillar Saints,” is born

396 Gregory of Nyssa, a theologian and mystic, dies

397 Ambrose, born in 339, dies

398 John Chrysostom, nine years before his death, becomes Patriarch of Constantinople

c. 400 Jerome translates the Bible into the Latin Vulgate

411 The Council of Carthage mends the Donatist schism

417 Pope Innocent I condemns the Pelagian heresy

419 Jerome the great theologian, translator, and historian, born in 342, dies

431 The Council of Ephesus, the third ecumenical council, convenes

The Roman Empire

350 The Huns invade Europe

350 Constantius II persecutes non-Arians

360 Books begin to supercede scrolls

361–363 Constantine’s nephew, Julian the Apostate, reigns as emperor

375 Valentinian I, the last great emperor in the West, who took control in 364, dies

378 Eastern emperor Valens is defeated by the Goths, dies at Adrianople

380 Theodosius I makes Christianity the state religion

383 Rome suffers a famine

384 Symmachus appeals for the re-recognition of paganism

391 A general edict aganinst paganism is issued, and Theodosius orders all pagan temples closed

395 Theodosius, who took the throne in 379, dies; the empire is redivided, and the Huns invade the eastern empire

402 The Goths are defeated in Italy

c. 404 Emperor Honorius abolishes man-against-man gladiatorial contests

410 Roman rule in Britain ends, and Rome itself is sacked by Alaric and the Goths

418 The first schism between Rome and Constantinople occurs

421 A one-year war between Rome and Persia begins

429 The Vandals invade North Africa

430 The Vandals beseige Hippo

By the Editors

[Christian History originally published this article in Christian History Issue #15 in 1987]

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