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Quote of the day

“Our hypothesis is that Acts was written by a great historian, a writer who set himself to record the facts as they occurred, a strong partisan, indeed...”

Ramsay, William M. St. Paul the Traveler and the Roman Citizen, third edition. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1897.


Pray against Our Own Hypocrisy

Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! —Matthew 23:27 (NIV).There is no sin which the Savior den...



Agape, Chioma, and Irene, three sisters, are seized at Thessalonica during Diocletian’s persecution. The three will be burned—Irene after shameful exposure.

Authority for the date: Foxe, John. Actes and Monuments.


Leo III is crowned emperor in the church of St. Sophia in Constantinople. He will bring much-needed reforms, beat back the Saracens, and restore Byzantium as a power able to stand seven hundred years longer. He will also support the iconoclast movement.

Authority for the date: Finlay, George. A History of Greece from its


In defiance of Emperor Leo, who rejects the use of icons, Theodore the Studite has his monks march on Palm Sunday through their monastery vineyard in Constantinople, holding up icons so that they can be seen over the walls, eliciting a rebuke from the emperor.

Authority for the date: Pratsch, Thomas. Theodoros Studites (759-826) — Zwischen Dogma und Pragma. Bern, Switzerland: Peter Lang, 199


The Council of Pisa meets to depose rival popes and elect a third, who will call himself Alexander V. Since neither of the other two will accept the council’s authority, there will now be three popes instead of two.

Authority for the date: Brusher, Joseph. Popes Through the Ages, Third Edition. Neff-Kane, 1980.


Jan Ziska defeats the soldiers of Sigismund at the Battle of Sudomer, the second major battle of the Hussite wars.

Authority for the date: Standard encyclopedias.


(Annunciation Day) Martyrdom of Margaret Clitherow (a Roman Catholic) at York, England, by crushing beneath a heavy oak door. She had hidden Catholic priests but refused to enter a plea so that her children would not be forced to testify under torture at a trial. As her ribs crack she cries, “Jesus! Jesus! Jesus! Have mercy on me.” Her body will be left under the weights for six hours then stuffed secretly in a rubbish heap.

Authority for the date: Christian History 48 (1995).


Antoine Daniel sails for New France where he will become one of eight Jesuits martyred.

Authority for the date: O'Brien, John A. The American Martyrs. New York: Aplleton, Century, Crofts, 1953.


John Eudes establishes the Society of Jesus and Mary for the education of priests and for missionary work.

Authority for the date: Catholic Encyclopedia.


Five Anglican clergymen gather secretly at Woodbury, Connecticut, and choose Samuel Seabury as their prospective bishop. He will have to sail to Britain to obtain ordination.

Authority for the date: Ferm, Vergilius. The American Church of the Protestant Heritage.


Metropolitan Germanos of Patra blesses the fighters at Agia Lavra and hoists the flag of the Greek War of Independence from Turkish rule in St. George’s Square at Patrai. His charisma encouraged the Greek fighters.

Authority for the date:


Bishop Joseph A. Beebe writes a letter to the Index concerning the Colored Methodist Episcopal Church in North Carolina: “Time has shown that we are not a political Church. Our aim is the glory of God and the salvation of the souls of men. The peaceable manner of our Church has won for us the confidence of the majority of the most intelligent people of our State.”

Authority for the date: Phillips, C. H. The History of the Colored Methodist Episcopal Church in America.


Sister Elizabeth Fedde sails from Norway to New York where she will establish a deaconness ministry.

Authority for the date: Fedde, Elizabeth. Diary.

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